As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission’s compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
All required files have been uploaded, with file names and proper description. Author names and their affiliations should be provided. Please indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author, with affiliation address and country, and the e-mail address of each author is also required.
All authors must be listed in the order of their contribution before submitting their manuscript. No subsequent addition, deletion, or rearrangement of authors’ names will be permitted after the manuscript has been accepted.
One author should be designated as a corresponding author who will handle all the correspondence at all process of peer-reviewing, publication, and post-publication. o The manuscript title is catchy, short, and informative, and often does not exceed 20 words. o The abstract can be read as stand-alone text and often does not exceed 250 words. o The manuscript file contains all essential elements though the order can vary: Title, Abstract, keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion and Implications, References, and Figure and Table Captions, Acknowledgments, Conflict of interest, and short bibliography of all contributors.
The manuscript text presents in good English (American or British language usage is accepted, but not a mix of). Manuscript text shall submit in an editable format (MS Word format), with font styles of Times New Roman, 12 font size, and 1.5 line spacing. The manuscript has consecutive line numbering. This is an essential peer review requirement.
The manuscript file should be checked for ‘spelling’, and ‘grammar’. Authors are advised to check the manuscripts with software such as Turnitin, URKUND, iThenticate, and other plagiarism checker software before submission to ensure that the manuscripts do not include materials that already existing in the public domain. As a minimum, text similarity percentage should below 1% with any existing sources, with a total similarity of no more than 20%, but if in any doubt, please cite the sources including page numbers in the text and use quotation marks where it is appropriate.
All references cited in the text should be mentioned in the References list, and vice versa. Authors have obtained the necessary written permission to use a copyrighted materials from third party, which shall include but is not limited to any proprietary text, illustration, figures, tables, or data. Authors advised to follow the journal guidelines, but a failure to comply with the guidelines, the editor will send back it for further revisions. All information contained in the manuscript and acquired during the peer-review process will not be shared without the authors’ and editors’ consent. Rejected manuscripts may resubmit, if the author/s make significant revision.